CONCEPT OF MOKSHA OR LIBERATION
Awareness program on the concept of Mokhsa or Liberation explains the idea of liberation as one of the most distinguishing characteristics of Hinduism. Its variously known as mukti, moksha, kaivalya and nirvana in the scriptures. Mukti means freedom from bondage. Moksha means destruction of delusion. Kaivalya signifies aloneness arising from destruction of all bonds; and nirvana means entering a stateless condition of immutability and non-becoming.
Awareness course on Moksha is facilitated by Mr.Praveen Saanker and Mr.Eswaran Namboothiri and the sessions are conducted at Vedicology Center for Spiritual Empowerment, Annanagar, Chennai, India.
Liberation also means acquiring self-knowledge (atma jnanam) of knowing who you are or what your fundamental nature is or knowing the truths concerning yourself and the world in which you reside. In its natural state that the Self is free; but here upon earth a living being is jump to nature and things. Life is a process of change, becoming and being subject to the three cardinal purposes of creation, preservation and destruction.
In liberation, the Self is permanently free from change and becoming. In a liberated state, the Self exists as an infinite and eternal being without any limitations except a few that gives it the distinction of an individual soul. The Self has no gender, no shape and no differentiation. It is perfect and complete in itself. It’s pure consciousness that is self-explanatory and self-luminous.
What happens to a living being ( Jiva) on attaining liberation ?
Scriptures suggest the following :-
- They cease to exist as human souls and become one with the Universal Self.
- They ceased to exist as limited mortal beings. They get eternal souls, their first and true condition, and remain in that state forever.
- They cease to exist as human beings and enter a changeless state of emptiness or nothingness, from which there is no return and in which there is no becoming, being, forming or striving.
- Having achieved liberation, a single soul can continue to advance further in the world of Brahman from one cycle of creation to a different and earn a place in the pantheon of gods of the highest order.
How can one attain liberation?
1. Transforming and purifying your mind and the human body to achieve internal Perfection, through righteous behaviour, virtuous living, self-restraint, detachment, equanimity, sameness and dispassion.
2. Cultivating true wisdom and proper discernment, by practising self-study or learning from knowledgeable masters or by awakening the psychic centres or chakras.
3. Practising devotion, concentration, meditation and self-absorption whereby the body and mind are completely purified, perfected and stabilized.
What are the obstacles to liberation ?
1. Ignorance or delusion
5. Sinful actions
Strategy to liberation
1. Physical liberation
As the first step towards the journey to Moksha or Liberation, you need to free your body slowly and slowly from the normal urges, limits and instincts to which it is topic such as thirst, hunger, breathing, sleep, sexual appetite, craving for physical pleasures, and your attachment with your name and kind.
Our struggle for liberation must start with the body, because it is the primary domain of Nature, in which it retains its maximum strength and strength. Considering that Nature wields such strong influence upon our bodies, the most advanced yogis and gurus often succumb to natural drives and lose their way.
2. Mental liberation
The human brain/mind is the most nervous and shaky aspect of our personalities. It is also one of the most limiting and binding factors in our journey to moksha or liberation. It is vulnerable to outside influence and exposed to a lot of internal weaknesses. Liberating the mind from the shackles of the earth is therefore of utmost importance. You have to accomplish this by controlling your ideas, desires, instincts, emotions, feelings, cares and concerns, stress, attachment, preferences, prejudices, enmity, egoism, pride, greed.
You will accomplish these usually by cultivating virtues and practising dispassion, detachment, equanimity, patience, forgiveness, tolerance, empathy, right thinking, concentration, meditation and self-absorption.
3. Spiritual liberation
When the mind and body are purified and filled with all the predominance of sattva, spiritual liberation would naturally follow. But, it’s possible only when you are completely free of every conditioning, attachment and desire.
Detachment, concede religion, wisdom and devotion. You exercise it by discernment, following the scriptural injunctions, approaching a spiritual and learned person, surrendering to God and performing self-less and sacrificial activities, without desire and expectations.
The objective of the awareness program
Vedicology awareness program on the concept of Moksha or liberation opens doors for participants to their inner sanctum where they could further deliberate on their way forward.
Mr.Praveen Saanker and Mr.Eswaran Namboothiri guides the participants through 2 days of discussions, debates and deliberations on the concept of Moksha or Liberation.