It may be interesting and enlightening to turn our attention to one more ancient word – Satya. So what is Satya? What is the meaning of Satya? Satya is made up of Rita and Hita. They are closely connected with, if not types, Dharma. Vedas uses the word Rita profusely, particularly in Rigveda and Krsnayajurveda. The term in its most straightforward form seems to indicate a direct or straight line. Therefore, universal laws of nature, an impersonal purchase.
Meaning of Satya
Satya is a combination of two sanskrit words – rita and hita. Rita means the facts of the situation, while hita means welfare or benevolence. Take for instance a scenario. If you are at home and someone comes asking around for you and your help. You know you can help him but instead ask your daughter to tell the man asking for help, that you are not at home.
So, in essence, telling this lie violated satya. It is important not to tell a lie for personal material gain. A truthful man is always happy as he never experiences the stress of having to conceal his lies. To cover up one lie one has to tell thousands of lies which ultimately weakens the mind and reduces the moral strength. Truthfulness can easily overcome the corruption that proliferates throughout the world today.
Rita and Hita
When Extended to the ethical world, Rita defines straight conduct based on truth, which is also Dharma. It is also the sense of an inner awareness of what’s accurate, depending on the scriptural teachings and the duties’ needs. If this awareness expresses itself through actions and words, it becomes Satya. In Sanskrit is the combination of two words–Rita and Hita. Rita means the facts of this situation, whilst Hita represents welfare or benevolence. If one’s words are straight and not guided by a spirit of welfare, then it is Rita but maybe not Satya. Thus, We see the significance of all the 3 words more or less coalesce.